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《大学英语》(B)考试大纲(2010年修订版)

2016-03-29
试点高校网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试,旨在遵循网络教育应用型人才的培养目标,针对从业人员继续教育的特点,重在检验学生掌握英语基础知识的水平及应用能力,全面提高现代远程高等学历教育的教学质量。
“大学英语”课程是现代远程教育试点高校网络教育实行全国统一考试的部分公共基础课之一。该课程的考试是一种基础水平检测性考试,考试合格者应达到与成人高等教育本科相应的大学英语课程要求的水平。
考试对象
教育部批准的现代远程教育试点高校网络教育学院和中央广播电视大学“人才培养模式改革和开放教育试点”项目中自2004年3月1日(含3月1日)以后入学的本科层次学历教育的学生,应参加网络教育部分公共基础课全国统一考试。
“大学英语(B)”考试大纲适用于除英语类和艺术类专业以外的其他专业高中起点与专科起点本科学生。
考试目标
本考试旨在考查现代远程教育所有专业(除英语类和艺术类专业)的学生掌握英语基础知识的水平及应用能力。考生应掌握基本的英语语法知识和词汇,具备运用不同语言技能进行交际的基本能力。
考试内容与要求
【语法】考生应较好地掌握基本的英语语法知识,并能在交际中较正确地加以运用。
【词汇】 考生应认知3 000个单词,并熟练掌握其中的1 800个单词及其基本的搭配。
【交际能力】 考生应掌握日常生活常见情景中的基本交际用语。
【阅读】 考生应能读懂与日常生活和社会活动相关的不同类型的文字材料,包括应用文、描述文、记叙文、说明文和议论文等,阅读速度为每分钟50个单词。考生应能:
1.理解主旨要义;
2.理解文中具体信息;
3.根据上下文推测生词词义;
4.进行有关的判断、推理和引申,理解作者的意图、观点或态度。
【翻译】考生应能在10分钟内将3个难度适中的英文句子翻译成中文。考生应能:
1. 对英语原文有准确的理解;
2. 做到译文通顺、达意。
【写作】 考生应能在30分钟内写出长度不少于80词的常见应用文及一般的叙述文、说明文或议论文。考生应能:
    1.用较正确的语法、词汇、拼写、标点进行表达;
    2.基本做到内容切题,结构严谨,条理清楚;
          3.根据不同的写作目的进行有针对性的写作。
                                                               大学英语(B)试卷结构与题型
部分
项目
内容
题型
题量
分值
总分
时间(分钟)
I
交际用语
5个简短对话
单项选择
5
3
15
10
II
阅读理解
2篇短文,每篇5道题
单项选择
10
3
30
20
III
词汇与结构
5个单句
单项选择
5
3
15
10
IV
完型填空
1篇短文
单项选择
10
1
10
10
V
英译汉
3个单句
笔译
3
5
15
10
VI
写作
1篇作文
命题作文
1
15
15
30
总  计
34
 
100
90
考试方式与时间
考试为基于网络的闭卷考试。考试满分为100分,时间为90分钟。除翻译与写作部分采用人工阅卷外,其他部分采用机器阅卷。考试由全国高校网络教育考试委员会组织命题,在同一时间全国统考。

 

题型示例
大学英语(B)模拟试卷
第一部分:交际用语(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
此部分共有5个未完成的对话,针对每个对话中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。
1. — Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith, please?
— _________________________
A. Who are you?               B. Who’s there?
C. Who could I help?            D. Who’s speaking?
2. — I believe we’ve met somewhere before.
— No, ____________________.
A. it isn’t the same               B. it can’t be true
C. I don’t think so                D. I’d rather not
3~5 (略).
第二部分:阅读理解(共10小题;每小题3分,满分30分)
此部分共有2篇短文,每篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。
Passage 1
The United States covers a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. Although the United States is a big country, it is not the largest in the world. In 2000, its population was over 222 million.
When this land first became a nation, after winning its independence from England, it had thirteen states. Each of the states was represented on the American flag by a star. All these states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew toward the west, new states were added and new stars appeared on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 stars. In 1959, however, two more stars were added to the flag, representing the new states of Alaska and Hawaii.
Indians were the first people of the land which is now the United States. There are still many thousands of Indians now living in all parts of the country. Sometimes it is said that the Indians are “the only real Americans”. Most Americans come from all over the world. Those who came first in greatest numbers to make their homes on the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. It is for that reason that the language of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like those of England than those of any other country in the world.
6. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. America is the largest country in the world.
B. The United States lies next to Canada and Mexico.
C. America covers most part of the North American continent.
D. Mexico is to the north of Canada.
7. After winning its independence, the United States _________.
A. had nothing to do with England
B. made India part of its land
C. mainly developed westward
D. took over parts of Canada and Mexico
8. The United States didn’t have ______ states until ________.
A. thirteen; 1959
B. fifty; 1959
C. fifty; this land first became a nation
D. fifty;1964
9. Why is English the language of America?
A. English is the native language of the Indians.
B. Most Americans come from all over the world.
C. Canada is America’s nearest neighbor.
D. Most of the people who first settled in America were from England.
10. The best title for the passage is “ _________”.
A. the States of America
B. The language of America
C. The United States of America
D. The Culture and Customs of America
Passage 2
11~15 (略)
第三部分:词汇与结构(共5小题;每小题3分,满分15分)
此部分共有5个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中未完成的部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。
16. I tried to put _____ a telephone call to him, but his line was always busy.
A. over                 B. into                 C. away                 D. through
17. I hadn’t seen him for years, but I ______________ his voice on the telephone.
A. realized             B. recognized           C. discovered           D. heard
18. Neither Bill nor his parents __________ at home.
A. is                  B. has             C. are              D. was
19. If you don’t want to get wet, you had better ________ this umbrella with you.
A. take            B. to take          C. taken                D. for taking
20. (略)
第四部分:完型填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
以下短文中共包含10个未完成的句子,针对每个句子中空缺部分有4个选项,请从ABCD四个选项中选出正确选项。
A survey was carried out last year by the British Medical Association, an organization of doctors. It shows that most people do not do 21 exercise. In 1995, 60% of people walked more than one mile a day. Now, that number has fallen 22 to only 20%. 23___ more people are going to the gym, fewer people are walking. Doctors say we need 24 for 20 minutes three times a week. 25 is an easy form of exercise that everyone can do. If you walk one mile each day, you 26 your health very quickly. Doctors say we ___27___ to tackle this problem head on and try 28 people healthier because not doing enough exercise is responsible 29 many of the country’s health problems. Doctors suggest you go 30 a walk every day after dinner.
21. A. few          B. little              C. some                 D. enough
22. A. greatly          B. slightly             C. easily               D. slowly
23. A. So           B. Therefore            C. Although             D. But
24. A. exercising       B. to exercise          C. exercised            D. to exercising
25. A. Walked       B. To walk          C. To walking       D. Walking
26. A. will improve     B. improve          C. improving            D. improved
27. A. can          B. need                 C. must                 D. will
28. A. making       B. make                 C. to make          D. made
29. A. to           B. on               C. at               D. for
30. A. at               B. for              C. to               D. with
第五部分:英译汉(满分15分)
请把下列3句英文翻译成中文。
1、I will finish reading this book in a week. 我将在一周内读完这本书。
2、 You should look around before you cross the street. 在过马路之前,你应该向四周看看。
第六部分:写作(满分15分)
要求在30分钟内,根据下面所给的题目和中文提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
工作申请
1. 写明申请的职位。
2. 陈述你的相关学习、工作经历。
        3. 联系方法。
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