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教育部统考《大学英语B》阅读理解题库

2016-03-29

1、Look at the instructions on the bottle of the medicine and then choose the right answers.
John is twelve years old. He had a bad cold and coughed day and night. He went to see a doctor. The doctor gave him some cough medicine.
Cough Medicine
Shake it well before use.
Take it three times each day before meals.
Dose (药量):
Age:over 14: 2 teaspoonfuls
8-13: 1 teaspoonful
4-7: 1/2 teaspoonful
Not right for children below the age of three. Put it in a cold place. Use it before December 1st 2002.
1)、John should take 3 teaspoonfuls a day.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The medicine should be kept in any place.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、John should shake the medicine well before he takes it.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、When kids are two years old, they cannot take this medicine.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、John will stop taking the medicine when it is left after Dec.1st, 2002.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2、 Jimmy is a very kind young man, he works in a big supermarket. His workmates like him very much.
Last month Jimmy caught a bad cold, he stayed in bed for about two weeks. But after he got well, something happened-he couldn't stop winking(眨眼). When he stayed at home. he was all right as usual. But if he went out, he couldn't stop his eyes from winking.
Jimmy went to work the next morning. On the way he met a policeman and winked at him. The policeman felt surprised but said nothing. Then he met an old man and winked at him. The old man thought he must be mad. But still he didn't say a word.
Real trouble started when he met women. First he met a young lady. He winked at her. The woman's face turned red, and ran away as fast as she could. And then he met an old woman who carried a walking stick. Jimmy winked at her, she looked closely at him. Jimmy winked again. Without saying a word, she hit Jimmy on the head with her walking stick.
“Take that!” she cried out “This is a lesson for you.”
Poor Jimmy! How could he explain it? He ran away quickly.
From then on, he always wears a pair of dark glasses when he goes out.
1)、Jimmy had to stay in hospital for a long time.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、When he stayed at home,he couldn’t control his eyes of winking.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The young lady felt surprised when Jimmy winked.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Jimmy winked at the young lady because he loved her very much.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The old woman hit Jimmy because Jimmy winked at her.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3、 Peter wondered why he didn't have many friends. The reason was he was always taking, never giving.
One day Peter told Bill, “I'd like to give a party on Saturday, I'd like you to come and bring Martha, too.”“Thanks, Peter. We'd be happy to come.”“Perhaps you'd like to bring your violin. You and Martha sing well together. I'm sure everyone will want you to sing for us.”That was how Peter began to plan his party. Next he asked another friend, Betty, to bring a cake.“You make the best cake in the world, Betty, and I like to eat your cake better than have one from the bakery.”Peter invited a few other friends to come to his party. He didn't forget to ask something from each one of them. He even asked Jim and Mary Jackson to let him give the party at their house! They agreed.
The party was a big success. However, as the guests were leaving, they said“Thank you ”to Bill and Martha for the music, Betty for the cake, the Jacksons for the use of the house and to others for their hard work. To Peter they just said,“Thanks for the invitation.”
1)、The party was held at Peter's friend's house.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The Jacksons did hard work for the party.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、All his friends liked Peter.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Peter tried his best to give the party.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、From the story, we can see Peter was a selfish man.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4、 A public house which was recently bought by Mr. James is up for sale. He is going to sell it because it is haunted (闹鬼的). He told me that he could not go to sleep one night because he heard a strange noise coming from the bar. The next morning, he found that the doors had been blocked by chairs and the furniture had been moved. Though Mr. James had turned the lights off before he went to bed, they were on in the morning. He also said that he had found five empty whisky bottles which the ghost (鬼) must have drunk the night before. When I suggested that some villagers must have come in for a free drink, he shook his head. The villagers have told him that they will not accept it even if he gives it away.
1)、Mr. James was the owner of the public house.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Mr. James had not turned off the lights that night.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Mr. James built the house.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
4)、Mr. James found sixty empty bottles.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The writer of the passage believes Mr. James' story.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5、Paul couldn't sleep last night. He woke up early and sat up, and then he lay down again. He felt terrible. "I must be sick," he thought. "but I must study for that test."
He got up and looked for his history notebook. He finally found it under a pile of clothes on a chair. He went over his history notes, but he couldn't remember any of the facts in the notes. "What shall I do?" he thought. He felt terrible.
Just then Paul's telephone rang. He put down his notebook and picked up the telephone.
"Good morning," Jack's voice said, "You must be wrong about that test."
"What do you mean?" Paul asked weakly.
"We're not going to have the test today." Jack said. "I wrote down the date in my notebook. The test will be next Wednesday; it isn't today. How do you feel this morning?"
"Fine," said Paul. "Just fine!" Suddenly he really felt fine.
1)、Paul felt uneasy (忧虑) because he was seriously ill.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
2)、It seemed that Paul was good at history.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、Paul felt fine at once after the telephone call.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、“How do you feel this morning?” From this question we can see Jack knew Paul very well.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
5)、We can guess from the passage that Jack is more careful than Paul.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
6、Dear Professor Liu,
Please accept my greeting from New York. I am just beginning my graduate (研究院) studies here at this university. It is the third week of classes now. My roommate, Tom, is also a graduate student like me. He is studying biology (生物学). He is from Houston. We are now on good terms.
Our dormitory (学生宿舍) is well equipped (配备). There are all kinds of electric home appliances(电器). But we don't have a TV set. I am going to buy one this afternoon. The view on the window is pleasant, and the weather is hot in the summer right now. It is about 38 degrees outside the room. But we have air conditioning in the room, so I feel OK.
How are you getting on? Are you still working on your paper now?
Please say "Hello" to those who have taught me. I miss all of you very much.
Love
Wang Hui

1)、Wang Hui is writing to her former teacher.

A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、From the passage, we know that Wang Hui is a new graduate student in New York.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、Tom is from Houston.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Wang Hui thinks her dormitory is too big.

A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、Wang Hui is going to move to another room.

A.T
B.F
答案:B
7、 In the UK, in business situations, when you meet someone for the first time you shake hands and say, "How do you do?". This is not really a question, and the reply to it is another greeting such as "How do you do?" or "Hello" or "I'm very pleased to meet you" or, if you have met the person sometime before, "It's good to see you again".
You don't shake hands every time you meet someone, you just greet them. If you are invited to someone's house for dinner, it is usual to take a present - some chocolates or flowers or, if you know them quite well, a bottle of wine. If you do not know the host well, don't be the last person to leave. Telephone the next day to thank the host for the meal. English people don't like to talk about personal things, and tend to avoid religion, politics and money.
Good topics for small talk (闲谈) are the weather, holidays, weekend activities, gardens and architecture (建筑物), especially houses and homes. When you go to a pub or bar, it's usual to take turns to buy a drink for everyone in your group and pay for the drinks when you get them from the bar and before you drink them.
1)、The first paragraph tells us how to greet someone in business situations.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、If you are invited to someone's house for dinner, it's better to leave before the last guest leaves if you don't know the host quite well.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
3)、English people don't like talking about money and marriage.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、In the last paragraph the sentence “…, it's usual to take turns to buy a drink for everyone in your group…” means it's usual to go Dutch (平摊费用).
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The subject matter of the passage is British way of greeting people.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
8、 The word “day” has two meanings. When we talk about the number of days in a year,we are using “day”to mean 24 hours. But when we talk about day and night,we are using “day” to mean the time between sunrise and sunset. Since the earth looks like a ball,the sun can shine on only half of it at a time. Always one half of the earth is having day and the other half night. A place is moved from day into night and from night into day over and over by the spinning (旋转) of the earth. At the equator (赤道) day and night are sometimes the same length. They are each twelve hours long. The sun rises at 6 o'clock in the morning and sets at 6 o'clock in the evening. For six months the North Pole is tilted (倾斜) toward the sun. In those months the Northern Hemisphere (半球) gets more hours of sunlight than the Southern Hemisphere. Days are longer than nights. South of the equator nights are longer than days. For the other six months the North Pole is tilted away from the sun. Then the Southern Hemisphere gets more sunlight. Days are longer than nights. North of the equator nights are longer than days. Winter is the season of long nights. Summer is the season of long days.
1)、When the Western Hemisphere is having day,the Eastern Hemisphere is having night.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、A place is moved from day into night and from night into day over and over by the pulling of the earth.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、At the equator day is as long as night sometimes.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、When the North Pole is tilted toward the sun,the Northern Hemisphere gets less sunlight.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、When it is winter in China,the North Pole is tilted away from the sun.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
9、 Every child has a dream of what they want to be, right? When Renee Butts was little, her dream was to become a volunteer firefighter because her father was one. Sadly, when she was 14, her father died and she was never able to volunteer with him. Renee's story doesn't end there, however, which is why I think of her as a true hero. She was strong-minded and never gave up, which makes her a good firefighter.
Some days she must be ready to deal with any emergency, like fighting a fire, dealing with a car accident or helping someone who's sick. Other days she is in the driver's seat. Sometimes Renee works nine to eleven days a month on 24-hour shifts. She also has a family to take care of. Her husband is a firefighter, too.
Renee remembers the first time she fought a fire. She was awoken early in the morning by the alarm. She said she was very nervous but did what she had to do.
When I asked Renee what the best part of her job is, she replied, “Helping people and saving their lives.” I think that shows signs of being a true hero. She's always glad to do anything for anyone in need. With 140 people in her station, Renee is one of the only three women.
I think she's great. We could never live without people like her who is glad to help others. Renee's deed helps me believe that I can do anything. I hope someday to be just like her: to wake up and help people every day.
1)、When her father died, Renee Butts decided to do what her father did.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、Renee's husband is a driver.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、The writer learns a lot from Renee.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、The writer thinks Renee Butts is careful.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The best title for the passage is "A true Hero".
A.T
B.F
答案:A
10、 Do you know something about tree rings(年轮)? Do you know they can tell us what the weather was like, sometimes even hundreds of years ago?
A tree will grow well in a climate with lots of sunshine and rainfall(雨量). And little sunshine or rainfall will limit(限制)the growth of a tree. We can see the change of climate by studying the tree rings. For example, to find out the weather of ten years ago, count the rings of a tree from the outside to the inside. If the tenth ring is far from the eleventh ring, then we're sure that it was sunny and rainy most of that year. If it is near to the eleventh ring, then the climate that year was bad.
Tree rings are important not only for studying the history of weather but also for studying the history of man. Many centuries ago there live a lot of people at a place in New Mexico. But now you can find only sand there - no trees and no people. What happened?
A scientist studied the rings of dead trees there. He found that the people had to leave because they had cut down all the trees to make fires and buildings. As all the trees had gone, the people there had to move.

1)、Tree rings grow far from each other in good climate.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
2)、The scientists are interested in studying tree rings because tree rings can tell whether people took good care of the tree or not.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
3)、If you want to find out the weather of twenty years ago, you should study the twentieth ring of a tree from the outside to the inside.
A.T
B.F
答案:A
4)、Trees can bring lots of sunshine and rain.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
5)、The people had to leave the place in New Mexico because there was too much rain there.
A.T
B.F
答案:B

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